Tay Ninh used to be a land of Thuy Chan Lap area, named Romdum Ray, which means the Elephant Stables because there are only forests with wild animals like tigers, elephants, leopards, snakes, ... inhabiting. The aboriginal people here lived in extreme destitute until the Vietnamese came to reclaim the land to become rich. The old land of Tay Ninh - Vam Co was once a center of agricultural development due to population movement and economic transformation. It quickly became desolate for several hundred years. It was not until the sixth and seventh centuries that there was a revival due to the movement of people from the Mekong Delta to high lands to avoid natural disasters, enemy sabotage and to overcome the economic crisis. - Funan politics. Residents of ancient indigenous back to the "old land" with traditional luggage have new content more advanced than civilized. During the seventh-seventh century on the old land of Tay Ninh, they erected hundreds of brick towers, only two of the intact structures of the ancient church tower remain, only Ch Mam. In addition to building towers, people in Tay Ninh at that time also carved many statues, sacred objects of stone or cast bronze to worship.
At that time, "where the temple tower, the place where the gods," Brahman religion developed "prosperity". Monks, Brahmins and monks play a key role in society. With labor following the belief in the noble spirit, the slave population at that time contributed the most important to the economic and cultural development of the nation of Thuy Chan Lap which existed in the 7-8 century. A.C.
Sunset on Ba Den Mountain in Tay Ninh.
From the ninth century onwards, with the establishment of the Anglo-Cambodian kingdom on the middle of the Mekong river and the middle lake, the Southern region became a contested area for the influence of the political powers of the great kingdoms at that time ( Angco - Champa - Java) a community of people where the land once flourished economically, especially and culturally, must evacuate to other lands in the inland or to move to remote islands. .
The area of Tay Ninh is also a "buffer zone" between ancient countries so residents must also evacuate to other lands. The relics of the local residents in this time on Tay Ninh so far are very rare. A second fault (the first one: after the Stone Age, the people of Tay Ninh - Vam Co flooded the Mekong Delta) of historical culture took place here and lasted for many centuries until new residential communities appeared in Tay Ninh today.
By the seventeenth century, people in the provinces of Quang Tri, Quang Ngai and Binh Thuan suffered from crop failures and threatening famine. They are encouraged to migrate to southern provinces. Vietnamese people settled the land from Hoc Mon to Trang Bang and then Go Dau to Ba Den Mountain. They came with a different language, customs, customs and culture from the Cambodians, so when the Vietnamese arrived, the Cambodians automatically turned west and went deep into the border of their country.
During this period, Tay Ninh was annexed by Hue court into Gia Dinh province (Phien An tran). When Lord Nguyen was driven away by Tay Son troops and fled to the South, he fled to Tay Ninh to take refuge, found his way to Cambodia, and then contacted the Siamese reinforcements to help fight the Tay Son. But in the end, the Tây So'n defeated the Siamese army. In 1789, Lord Nguyen asked for reinforcements from the French army to help him. In 1802, Lord Nguyen Phuc Anh finished the Tay Son house and ascended the throne to take the royal title of Gia Long, the national name of Dai Nam Quoc. In the period when King Thieu Tri and Tu Duc soldiers from Thuy Chan Lap area invaded to want to reclaim land because Tay Ninh at that time was in the contiguous territory between the two countries. But in the end, the Cambodian army lost.
According to Western sources, from the beginning of the seventeenth century, the Vietnamese came to settle in the Sai Gon - Gia Dinh area. They and the local people - the Khmer people explore the markets of Quan, Tan Dinh, Ba Chieu and Go Vap ... extending to Hoc Mon and along the road going to Tay Ninh. The majority of poor farmers and handicraftsmen in the outlying provinces are mainly the poor farmers and handicraftsmen in the outer provinces suffering from extreme hardship, suffering from the disaster. oppressive feudal levels, brutal exploitation cannot live, are forced to leave villages and homeland alone or bring their wives and children with friends and neighbors to new lands far away to find a way to live. It is the large number of impoverished peasants that provide a source of a wave of migration into Dong Nai - Gia Dinh, where they hear vast untapped land. There are also draft evacuees; exiled prisoners; island soldiers, discharged; healer; poor teachers ... even some who are already rich but still want to find new places to expand their businesses.
Also in the seventeenth century, a large number of Chinese from Guangdong, Guangxi (China) came to Dong Nai - Gia Dinh to seek asylum and earn a living. In 1679 there were about 3,000 people, in 1680 there were 200 people brought by Mac Cuu to Ha Tien.
Tay Ninh Holy See in the past
Thus, until the late seventeenth century, along with the Chinese, the Khmer, the Vietnamese immigrants settled and settled in Saigon - Ben Nghe. At this time, the population here reached 40,000 households with about 200,000 people and Lord Nguyen established here two districts (Phuoc Long and Tan Binh) with two palaces (Tran Bien and Phien Tran) belonging to Gia Dinh government to advance. administrative administration. At that time, Tay Ninh was Quang Phong religion and belonged to Gia Dinh province with a population of about 1,000 people. From here, the exploitation of Tay Ninh in particular and the Southern region in general has entered a new, stronger and more comprehensive development period. On the basis of agricultural activities, pottery development has been strongly developed to meet the requirements of preserving and storing food, cooking, storing food and drinks. types of pottery made with clay turntable mixed with fine sand such as: pot, pot, vase, bowl, tray, fruit plate, kitchen with 3 tripod legs ... According to the history at the time, the Duyen Hai wetlands included the Mekong Delta today. The marshland along with the Vam Co Dong river water is a convenient place for the development of fishing. Many animal remains, shells of mollusks, crustaceans were caught as food, at that time, they were still quite preserved in the monument.
a corner of Ba Pagoda in Ba Den mountain.
Tay Ninh is still part of the territory of Gia Dinh province. However, because Gia Dinh province at that time was very large, including the land of Tay Ninh, Tan Binh, Cho Lon, Tan An and Go Cong, by the time of the French colonial period, Trang Bang region became the boundary dividing the two provinces. Tan An and Tay Ninh. Tay Ninh province consists of two main lands, Tay Ninh and Go Dau. A special feature of the land of Tay Ninh is that there are countless indigo trees, which are specialized trees for making bags or for cushioning. Go Dau is also a high land with countless oil trees that people use to burn lamps. Today, Tay Ninh has become an important province because it is located on the transport axis connecting the two countries Vietnam and Cambodia, convenient for economic exchange activities, culture and tourism development.